The COP26 talks have entered the final stage this week with the ultimate goal of capping global temperatures at 2.7 degrees Fahrenheit above pre-industrial levels.
"Especially high and leading nations need to be held accountable for causing the climate crisis. So these last four days of the negotiations we are hoping that our leaders can come together, step up their commitments and ambitions, their nationally determined contributions and also have more conversations around loss and damage because the high and leading nations need to pay for the climate crisis that they've caused," said Tongan climate activist Joseph Sikulu on the shores of the Forth and Clyde Canal.
While developing countries want more money to help them adapt to higher temperatures that have caused more frequent droughts, floods and wildfires, developed nations have been focused on channelling finance towards cutting emissions.
The failure of rich nations to make good on promises to provide help for developing countries has fuelled mistrust, and is seen as a major obstacle to progress in cutting emissions to limit the impact of rising temperatures.
Protesters said world leaders needed to be "doing more than talk" as the "oceans are rising around us".
The demonstration saw protesters dressed as British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, Chinese President Xi Jinping, U.S. President Joe Biden, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison, Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro and the King of Saudi Arabia, Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud.