"What's your plan? What's the U.S. government's plan for the future of the millions of the kids and children and women in Afghanistan?," she said during a meeting with the top U.S. diplomat in Doha.
At least nine members of the team whose robots have won international awards are now in the Qatari capital Doha. Other team members went to Mexico, while some remained in Afghanistan.
Thousands of Afghans have fled since the collapse of the United States-backed government and takeover of the capital Kabul by the Taliban on Aug 15, fearing reprisals and repression by the Islamist militants, especially against women.
The U.S. remains committed to helping the team pursue its goals and will watch the Taliban closely, Blinken said.
"They've told the world that they intend to uphold the basic rights of the Afghan people, including women and girls. We'll be looking very, very carefully at that."