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Ashton Kutcher opens up about vasculitis: The fast five
1. Ashton Kutcher recently revealed his struggle with vasculitis, a rare autoimmune disease that causes inflammation to the body's blood vessels.
2. Common symptoms of vasculitis are fatigue, weight loss, aches, pains, rashes, fever and loss of appetite.
3. Although there are no known causes of vasculitis, ethnicity, age, lifestyle and family history can contribute to the development of the disease.
4. For mild symptoms, patients will receive anti-inflammatory medicine, while for life-threatening cases, more invasive medications and surgery may be required.
5. Although there are no known ways to prevent vasculitis, regular exercise such as walking or biking, combined with a healthy diet and adequate sleep, can help prevent inflammation in the body.
So, what's going on?
On Monday, the actor tweeted a health update "before there are a bunch of rumours/chatter/whatever out there."
"Yes, I had a rare vasculitis episode 3yrs ago. (Autoimmune flair up) I had some impairments hear, vision, balance issues right after. I fully recovered. All good. Moving on. See you at the 2022 NY Marathon w/Thorn," the 44-year-old wrote.
Before there are a bunch of rumors/ chatter/ whatever out there. Yes, I had a rare vasculitis episode 3yrs ago. (Autoimmune flair up) I had some impairments hear, vision, balance issues right after. I fully recovered. All good. Moving on. See you at the 2022 NY Marathon w/Thorn
— ashton kutcher (@aplusk) August 9, 2022
Kutcher opened up about the diagnosis from an upcoming episode of National Geographic's "Running Wild with Bear Grylls: The Challenge."
"Knocked out my vision, knocked out my hearing, knocked out like all my equilibrium. It took me like a year to like build it all back up," Kutcher told Grylls as they hiked through trees and hills.
He continued: "You don't really appreciate it [health] until it's gone, until you go, 'I don't know if I'm ever gonna be able to see again. I don't know if I'm gonna be able to hear again, I don't know if I'm going to be able to walk again. I'm lucky to be alive."
What is vasculitis?
According to Vasculitis Foundation Canada (VFC), vasculitis is "an inflammation of the wall of blood vessels, arteries, veins, or capillaries." It can affect any blood vessel in any organ, including the skin, joints, lungs, kidneys, gastrointestinal tract, eyes, brain, nerves, sinuses, nose and ears.
As a result, the body's immune system attacks the blood cells. This causes a weakening and narrowing of the blood vessel lumen that "can progress to the point of blood vessel blockage, aneurysm or hemorrhage." If an aneurysm bursts, it can cause internal bleeding which can be fatal.
Although there are many types of vasculitis, CanVasc, the Canadian Network for Research on Vasculitides, says most of these are rare and affects individuals of any gender and age.
What are the signs and symptoms of vasculitis?
As vasculitis results in poor blood flow to the tissues throughout the body, including the nerves, lungs and skin, the condition has a wide range of signs and symptoms.
And depending on the specific type and severity of the condition, as well as which organs are targeted, symptoms can be mild, moderate or life-threatening.
VFC says that the most common symptoms are fatigue, shortness of breath, weight loss, aches, pains, rashes (especially on the hands and feet), fever and loss of appetite.
If you or a loved one is experiencing any of these signs and symptoms, it's imperative you seek medical attention as soon as possible as early diagnosis and proper treatment can bring vasculitis into remission.
What causes vasculitis?
Although there are no known causes of vasculitis, CanVasc explains that ethnicity, age, lifestyle (such as drug use and smoking) and family history can contribute to the development of the condition. Certain medications for thyroid disease or high blood pressure could also be a factor, but that is yet to be determined.
Further, VFC explains that vasculitis can occur on its own or in conjunction with other autoimmune diseases such as scleroderma, rheumatoid arthritis or lupus. Additionally, research has found that having a Hepatitis B or C infection could also trigger vasculitis, as well as patients with blood cancers including leukemia and lymphoma.
How is vasculitis treated?
For mild cases, treatment is aimed at reducing inflammation. Patients will often be prescribed over-the-counter pain medicines and prescription medication, and receive regular check-ups to monitor the progression of the condition.
For severe or life-threatening cases, treatment is often divided into two stages: firstly, the induction of disease remission, and secondly, the maintenance of disease remission.
In the induction stage, a corticosteroid drug such as prednisone is the most common medication used to control the inflammation associated with vasculitis. If there are signs of an impending aneurysm, surgery may also be required to reduce the risks. In the second stage, once the condition is under control, lower doses of pain or anti-inflammatory medication will be administered, and the patient will be monitored regularly.
How can I prevent vasculitis?
Although there are no known ways to prevent vasculitis, regular exercise such as walking or biking, combined with a healthy diet and adequate sleep, can help prevent inflammation in the body.
The VFC also recommends quitting smoking and the use of any drugs, eliminating processed foods from your diet, and reducing your caffeine and alcohol intake.
If you or a loved one is diagnosed with vasculitis, it's important to understand your condition, follow your treatment plan, keep active, and surround yourself with an uplifting support system. While the condition is not curable, it can be managed and patients can still live long, healthy lives.