The world’s first fossil-free steel is on its way to production lines, thanks to Swedish green steel venture HYBRIT...
….in a significant step towards cleaning up an industry that accounts for around 8% of global greenhouse gas emissions.
Steel is needed for everything from construction and engineering, to car parts and white goods.
But making it is a hugely polluting process.
In 2016, steel company SSAB, state-owned utility Vattenfall and miner LKAB created HYBRIT with the aim the decarbonize steel making.
It replaces coking coal, traditionally needed for ore-based steel making, with fossil-free electricity and hydrogen.
Hydrogen is a key part of the EU's plan to reach net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.
SSAB said in its statement:
''The HYBRIT initiative will contribute to reaching the global climate goals under the Paris Agreement and the national climate goals in Sweden and Finland. Our goal is to reduce Sweden’s CO2 emissions by 10% and Finland’s by 7%. We believe that by taking the lead and showing that it is possible to decarbonize the steel industry, others will follow. The potential is enormous.’’
HYBRIT's green steel has already been delivered to truck-maker Volvo AB as a trial run before full commercial production in 2026.
Volvo has said it will start production in 2021 of prototype vehicles and components from the green steel.