With a night-time curfew in place due to continuing high infection rates, and a ban on public gatherings during the day, the campaign was conducted mostly through television debates. Rutte's main rivals have criticized a slow vaccine roll out, but struggled to distinguish themselves as they support government policy.
"There is so much to do to rebuild the country. And I am looking forward, if the voters will give me the opportunity, to do that", Rutte said as he left a polling station in The Hague.
Vulnerable groups and the elderly, who were given expanded mail-in and proxy voting options, were encouraged to vote on the first two days, with the general public following on Wednesday (March 17).
The two most recent polls, conducted after voting began on Monday (March 15), showed Rutte's party taking around 25% percent of the vote.