Qatar has rejected calls for a compensation fund for migrant workers killed or injured during World Cup preparations, with the country's labour minister calling it a "publicity stunt".
Labour Minister Ali bin Samikh Al Marri told AFP that Qatar is already handing out hundreds of millions of dollars in unpaid wages, and accused the Gulf state's critics of "racism".
Marri said Qatar already has a fund to deal with worker deaths and injuries.
"This call for a duplicative FIFA-led compensation campaign is a publicity stunt," he said in an exclusive interview. "Our door is open. We have dealt with and resolved a lot of cases."
Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch have led demands for FIFA and Qatar to create a fund for workers matching the $440 million World Cup prize money.
Human rights groups accuse Qatar of under-reporting deaths. The government strongly disputes reports that thousands have died on construction site accidents or from heat-related illnesses in the country's searing summer temperatures.
FIFA has said there is "ongoing dialogue" about the fund, but in the government's first public comment, Marri said the proposal was unworkable.
"Every death is a tragedy," Marri said on Sunday, adding: "There is no criteria to establish these funds.
"Where are the victims, do you have names of the victims, how can you get these numbers?" he asked.
Some international trade union leaders have also said a new fund would be too complicated to set up and manage.
Qatar started a Workers' Support and Insurance Fund in 2018 to help workers who have not been paid, which the minister said had disbursed $320 million this year alone.
"If there is a person entitled to compensation who has not received it, they should come forward and we will help them," he said, adding that Qatar was ready to look at cases from more than a decade ago.
- 'Racist motivations' -
Qatar has faced a barrage of criticism since it was named as a surprise World Cup host in 2010, and attacks have increased this year over migrant workers, LGBTQ freedoms and women's rights.
Last month, Qatar's emir said the country was facing an "unprecedented campaign" of criticism ahead of the November 20 kick-off.
Marri said detractors had ignored reforms implemented since 2017 with the help of the International Labour Organization, a UN agency.
Other countries and groups have used "false information" and "rumours" to "discredit Qatar with deliberately misleading claims", he said.
Marri added that some foreign politicians deployed "double standards" and used Qatar "as an arena to solve their own political problems".
The minister did not give an example, but Qatar last week summoned the German ambassador over comments made by the country's interior minister.
Some critics also acted through "racism", Marri claimed.
"They don't want to allow a small country, an Arab country, an Islamic country, to organise the World Cup," he said.
"They know very well about the reforms that have been made, but they don't acknowledge it because they have racist motivations."
The 'Kafala' employment system that opponents said was near slavery has been virtually dismantled in Qatar. Workers can now change jobs and leave the country without their employer's permission.
The government has established a minimum wage of 1,000 riyals ($275) a month, and passed laws against trafficking and limiting the hours that can be worked in extreme heat.
- 'People still attack us' -
Marri said 420,000 workers have switched jobs since the laws were passed and $320 million has been paid out this year alone to workers who had lost wages.
"After all this effort, all these reforms, people still attack us," he said.
The ILO this week said unpaid wages were workers' biggest complaint, and that Qatar's main challenge is to apply its new laws. Marri said his ministry was "focused" on the task.
"If a salary payment is delayed for one month, we will pay from the fund and take action," he said, adding that owners of blacklisted companies had been fined and jailed.
Forty-two recruiting agencies accused of exploitation have been closed, the tribunals hearing complaints have increased from three to five and extra labour inspections have been ordered on hotels and other industries during the World Cup.
Marri said the World Cup has only "speeded up" the reforms. "We will reconfirm our commitments and continue our reforms because we want to continually improve our own country."
The minister said he was discussing making the ILO's office in Doha permanent, and that Qatar wants to host an annual dialogue on protecting migrant workers.
"We lead the region now for migrant reforms," Al Marri said. "We have good relations with our neighbours, and we can exchange best practices."