The brother and aides of jailed Kremlin critic Alexei Navalny were placed under house arrest on Friday ahead of new rallies, as Russian authorities warned that protesters could face charges of taking part in "mass unrest".
Moscow police also announced that on Sunday, when the fresh protests are planned, movement in the centre of the Russian capital would be limited and seven central metro stations closed.
Kremlin critics say authorities are dramatically ramping up pressure on the opposition in an effort to intimidate protesters and smother dissent.
Navalny's plight and the related crackdown has sparked an outcry in the West, and could be raised during a UN Security Council meeting next week. Diplomats said an informal meeting had been tentatively scheduled for Wednesday, officially framed as a discussion on the opposition leader's poisoning last year.
Navalny's team has urged residents of Moscow to gather Sunday in Lubyanka Square outside the headquarters of the FSB security agency and Staraya Square, where the presidential administration has its offices.
On Friday, Navalny's brother Oleg, prominent aide Lyubov Sobol and Pussy Riot activist Maria Alyokhina were placed under house arrest until March 23 for allegedly violating restrictions related to the coronavirus pandemic by calling for people to join protests.
The coordinator of Navalny's Moscow office, Oleg Stepanov, and Anastasia Vasilyeva, head of the medical workers' union critical of the government, were also placed under house arrest for two months.
Oleg Navalny has already served three-and-a-half years in prison for an embezzlement conviction that Kremlin critics say was politically motivated. He was released in 2018.
The pressure on Navalny's family and associates grew after tens of thousands of Russians rallied last weekend in support of President Vladimir Putin's most vocal domestic critic.
More than 4,000 protesters were detained last weekend and authorities launched a number of criminal probes. Several Navalny associates, including Sobol, were detained following police raids on their apartments and offices.
The Investigative Committee announced Friday that Leonid Volkov, head of Navalny's regional network based in the Lithuanian capital Vilnius, was wanted on charges of calling minors to join unauthorised rallies.
A spokesman for Moscow police refused to provide more details of the planned movement restrictions on Sunday when reached by AFP.
Moscow eased coronavirus restrictions this week but officials refrained from lifting a ban on mass gatherings.
- 'Mass unrest' warning -
Prosecutors and police have repeatedly warned Russians against participating in "unauthorised" events. On Friday, the General Prosecutor's Office upped the ante, saying that demonstrators could face charges of mass unrest if protests turn violent.
In a message from jail, Navalny on Thursday urged Russians to stage new rallies.
"The majority is on our side. Let's wake them up," he wrote.
Police detained the 44-year-old anti-corruption campaigner after he returned to Russia on January 17 from Germany, where he had been recovering from a near-fatal poisoning with Novichok, a Soviet-designed nerve toxin.
A makeshift court at a police station last week ordered Navalny placed in custody until February 15.
On Thursday, a court rejected an appeal by his lawyers to release him ahead of a high-profile court hearing on Tuesday.
He is facing charges of violating the terms of a 2014 suspended sentence and could be jailed for two-and-a-half years.
Many protesters say they are angered by Navalny's jailing after the attempt on his life, which he blames on the FSB domestic intelligence service.
- 'Tsar should have a palace' -
Others were incensed by the findings of a Navalny investigative report claiming that an opulent palace was built for Putin on the Black Sea coast.
The two-hour report has racked up more than 100 million views.
Navalny's probe forced Putin to deny that he or his relatives own the property.
Meduza, a Russian-language news site based in Latvia, released its own investigation into the seaside mansion on Friday.
Citing contractors, Meduza claimed the property features a 16-storey underground complex and that the Federal Guard Service oversees construction works.
One of the people involved in building the residence said the Russian leader should live well.
"A tsar should have a palace," the unidentified person was quoted as saying.
State television on Friday sought to rebut opposition claims the Black Sea property was a luxurious palace by airing footage of it under construction.