Muhyiddin said to meet the current needs, several ministries were restructured including the Education Ministry with the re-establishment of the Higher Education Ministry and the establishment of a new ministry, the Ministry of National Unity.
Also noteworthy is the establishment of the Ministry of Environment (formerly the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment) as well as a dedicated portfolio to look after the affairs of Sabah and Sarawak.
The Ministry of Higher Education will be led by Datuk Dr Noraini Ahmad while Datuk Halimah Mohamed Sadique was appointed Minister of National Unity and the Sabah and Sarawak Affairs portfolio will be led by the Minister in the Prime Minister's Department Datuk Seri Dr Maximus Johnity Ongkili.
Muhyiddin also strengthened his cabinet with the presence of former ministers including Datuk Seri Hishammuddin Tun Hussein who took office as Foreign Minister; Khairy Jamaluddin (Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation); and Zuraida Kamaruddin (Minister of Housing and Local Government).
Other former ministers who also took office in Muhyiddin's cabinet were Datuk Seri Saifuddin Abdullah (Minister of Communications and Multimedia) and Datuk Seri Ismail Sabri Yaakob (Minister of Defense).