A sign of solidarity as French and Lebanese air force planes conducted a joint flyover through the devastation of Beirut on Tuesday (September 1).
This is the second time French President Emmanuel Macron has visited the city in less than a month -- this time planting a cedar tree to mark the 100th anniversary of the forming of modern Lebanon.
But he also came with another warning: Show some real reform within three months, or face sanctions... just as the country is already collapsing under its economic crisis.
Lebanon is a former French colony and Macron has been at the center of international efforts to tackle corruption there, fix its widespread economic problems, and provide relief from the massive explosion that hit Beirut in August.
Macron says he's seeking "credible commitments" and a "demanding a follow-up mechanism" from Lebanon's leaders, including a legislative election in six to 12 months.
His visit comes just hours after a new prime minister was designated, Mustapha Adib, on Monday (August 31)
following a consensus among major parties forged under pressure from Macron over the weekend.
Macron says the international community should stay focused on Lebanon for six weeks, and he may organize a conference with the United Nations in October.