American poet Louise Gluck has won the 2020 Nobel Prize in Literature.
"The Nobel Prize in Literature for 2020 is awarded to the American poet Louise Gluck for her unmistakable poetic voice that, with austere beauty, makes individual existence universal."
The 77-year-old Yale professor is one of the most prominent poets in American contemporary literature.
Her poetry is characterised by what the Academy called "a striving for clarity," with a focus on childhood, family life, and close relationships between parents and siblings.
The literature prize has been dogged by controversy over the past several years.
In 2019 the Academy exceptionally named two winners after postponing the 2018 prize in the wake of a sexual assault scandal involving the husband of one of its members.
One of the literature laureates announced last year, the Austrian novelist and playwright Peter Handke, had drawn wide international criticism over his portrayal of Serbia as a victim during the 1990s Balkan wars and attending the funeral of its nationalist strongman leader Slobodan Milosevic.
Milosevic died in detention in 2006 while awaiting trial on genocide charges at the U.N. war crimes tribunal in The Hague.