His remarks, at the closing press conference of the annual legislative session in Beijing, come at a time of heightened tensions across the Taiwan Strait.
Official exchanges have been suspended since Tsai Ing-wen was elected president of the democratic island in 2016 and refused to accept the “1992 consensus” as the basis for relations – that there is only one China but the two sides can have different interpretations of what that means.
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Li said any Taiwanese political party or politician was welcome to discuss cross-strait relations with Beijing provided they did so under the one-China principle and the 1992 consensus. The premier was the only senior leader to publicly comment on Taiwan at this year’s National People’s Congress session.
“We will continue to promote the peaceful development of cross-strait relations and the reunification of the motherland, and we oppose any form of Taiwan independence and foreign interference into Taiwan affairs,” Li said.
He added that Beijing would continue to offer favourable policies to encourage Taiwanese businesses to seek opportunities on the mainland.
But in Taiwan, Chiu Chui-cheng, vice-chairman of the Mainland Affairs Council, said Taipei did not accept the 1992 consensus.
“We call on the other side of the Taiwan Strait to take note of the mindset of the Taiwanese people and to refrain from using political terms to hold back amicable cross-strait interaction,” Chiu said.
Beijing-friendly opposition party the Kuomintang called for a “reversal of hostility”.
“The two sides need to have more friendly discourse to create more positive thinking,” KMT spokeswoman Angel Hung said. “We believe continuing dialogue and a reversal of hostility is the right path … [for] peace and prosperity.”
Li made the remarks ahead of a meeting between top Chinese and US envoys in Alaska next week – the first high-level talks between the two sides since President Joe Biden took office.
On Tuesday, America’s top military officer in the Asia-Pacific, Admiral Philip Davidson, told a US Senate hearing that Beijing could invade Taiwan in the next six years.
Beijing has vowed to bring the island under its control, by force if necessary. It has stepped up pressure on the self-ruled island, including by poaching its diplomatic allies and sending People’s Liberation Army bombers into Taiwan’s airspace.
On Sunday, Foreign Minister Wang Yi called Taiwan a “red line” that should not be crossed, saying the White House should abandon the previous administration’s relationship with the island.
“The Chinese government has no room for compromise on the issue of Taiwan, and also no room for concession,” he said. “We urge the new US administration to be fully aware of the sensitivity of the Taiwan issue … and completely change the previous government’s dangerous practices of ‘crossing the line’ and ‘playing with fire’.”
Lev Nachman, a visiting scholar at National Taiwan University, said Li’s remarks failed to acknowledge the stance of the island’s ruling Democratic Progressive Party.
“When they insist on the one-China principle and the 1992 consensus as conditions for dialogue, those are things that the Kuomintang are mostly OK with, which is why the KMT and the mainland could have dialogue when the KMT was in power,” he said.
“Even if Tsai Ing-wen were to acknowledge the 1992 consensus there would still likely be no dialogue because the DPP is forever posed [by Beijing] as a secessionist, pro-independence force.”
Taiwan and other hot-button issues will likely be on the discussion table in Alaska next Thursday when US Secretary of State Antony Blinken and national security adviser Jake Sullivan are expected to meet Yang Jiechi, China’s most senior foreign policy official, and Foreign Minister Wang.
Additional reporting by Lawrence Chung
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