By Maha El Dahan
BEIRUT (Reuters) - Lebanon is in free fall and must not become a "horror story", a U.S. senator said during a visit to Beirut on Wednesday, voicing hope that a government would be formed this week to start addressing its destabilising financial meltdown.
The comment reflected growing concern https://www.reuters.com/world/middle-east/eu-worried-lebanons-fast-deterioration-says-time-has-run-out-2021-08-26 about the situation in Lebanon, where a financial collapse that began in 2019 hit a crunch point last month with a crippling fuel shortage that sparked security incidents and warnings of worse to come https://www.reuters.com/world/middle-east/lebanese-security-chief-warns-crisis-could-be-prolonged-2021-08-27.
Another senator in the U.S. congressional delegation said Iranian fuel being shipped to Lebanon by the heavily armed Shi'ite group Hezbollah would come with strings attached, dismissing it as an attempted "photo-op by the Iranians".
The financial crisis marks the biggest threat to Lebanon's stability since the 1975-90 civil war.
More than half of Lebanon's 6 million people have fallen into poverty. The World Bank says it is one of the sharpest depressions of modern times https://www.reuters.com/world/middle-east/world-bank-sees-lebanon-gdp-shrinking-95-further-one-historys-worst-depressions-2021-06-01, with the currency plunging more than 90% and the financial system paralysed.
"Lebanon is in free fall...We've seen this movie before and it's a horror story..., but the good news is it can, should, and hopefully will be avoided," Senator Richard Blumenthal told reporters at the end of a two-day visit.
Lebanese politicians, who have failed to do anything to arrest the collapse, have been squabbling for more than a year over the make-up of a new cabinet to replace the one that quit in the aftermath of the Aug. 4, 2020 Beirut port explosion.
A new cabinet capable of implementing reforms is a necessary precursor to foreign aid. The United States is the biggest foreign aid donor to Lebanon.
The congressional delegation met Lebanese leaders including President Michel Aoun, the Maronite Christian head of state, who expressed hope the government would be formed this week, the presidency said in a statement.
Aoun, a Hezbollah ally, has on several occasions expressed optimism about the government being agreed soon.
"We did hear good news today," Senator Chris Murphy, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee panel dealing with the Middle East, told reporters, adding he expected a government would be formed by the time he returned home.
Aoun's adversaries accuse him and his faction, the Free Patriotic Movement, of obstructing the government formation by demanding a third of the seats, or effective veto power.
Aoun denies this. Aoun told the senators "many obstacles had been overcome", the presidency said.
With the state floundering, Hezbollah, long part of the ruling system, last month announced it was importing fuel oil from Iran, saying it aims to ease the crisis. Its adversaries have said this further undermined the authority of the state and exposed Lebanon to the risk of U.S. sanctions.
Washington designates Hezbollah as a terrorist group.
Lebanon's caretaker energy minister said on Wednesday that an import permit had not been requested https://www.reuters.com/world/middle-east/lebanons-energy-minister-says-he-hasnt-had-request-import-iranian-fuel-2021-09-01 for the fuel shipment.
The United States has been in talks with Egypt and Jordan over a plan to ease Lebanon's power crisis. The Lebanese presidency has said it involves using Egyptian gas to generate power in Jordan that would be transmitted via Syria, which is under U.S. sanctions including the so-called Caesar act.
"The complication as you know is the transport via Syria," said Senator Chris Van Hollen. "We are (urgently) looking for ways to address that despite the Caesar act."
(Writing by Tom Perry; Editing by Mark Heinrich)