The first military plane arrived around midday bringing back 202 Afghans, including a female activist who will eventually join her brother who is already living in Italy.
"Our happiness is only going through half of our body because with half or our body we are dancing but with the other half we are crying," said brother Hamed Ahmadi as he waited to see his sister.
"I went in Afghanistan in 2002 when the international community entered there, there were 52 countries and at that time we turned on a light with the name of hope. But three days ago, four days ago that hope has vanished," he said.
The Afghans who arrive need to carry out quarantine for COVID-19 at a base outside Rome and are kept away from the media.