After the truce, they returned to ruined homes.
Gazan officials said nearly 17,000 homes have been damaged, as both Gazans and Israelis count the costs of 11 days of fighting, halted on Friday (May 21) by an Egyptian-brokered ceasefire.
Many civilians on both sides are skeptical - about what's been achieved and how long it can last.
Azhar Naseer was one of many Gazans to find her home destroyed. We don't have water, electricity, beds, anything, she says, what does this truce mean?
"We are going home," chant Tami Zamir and her children, as they clean up the shelter they hid from Hamas rockets in in Ashkelon, Israel.
In a cafe in the Israeli port city of Ashdod, north of Gaza, Dan Kiri didn't believe in the truce either - saying Israel should keep striking Hamas until it collapsed.
"The fact that we are sitting here, peacefully drinking coffee and eating our croissant, it's only a matter of time until the next operation in Gaza so it will take one year, it will take two years, or five years, but we'll continue to fight," he said.
Adding to concern the truce wouldn't hold, brief clashes broke out during Friday prayers at Jerusalem's Al-Aqsa mosque.
Israeli police fired stun grenades towards Palestinians, who threw rocks and petrol bombs at officers.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said the Israeli military had destroyed Hamas’s extensive tunnel network in Gaza, its rocket factories, weapons laboratories and storage facilities, and killed more than 200 militants, including 25 senior figures.
But Hamas cast the fighting as successful resistance to a stronger foe - and said its finger was still on the trigger.