Watch: Rishi Sunak says it's 'utterly wrong' to blame him over school buildings funding
Concrete crisis, read more:
The government has published the full list of schools affected by crumbling concrete following days of pressure.
The Department for Education update shows 19 schools where the start of term has had to be delayed as a result of reinforced autoclaved aerated concrete (Raac).
Pupils at 24 schools across England will receive some remote learning because of the concrete crisis, with four schools switching to fully remote learning.
Education secretary Gillian Keegan has previously warned there could be hundreds more cases as surveys of school sites are returned.
The issue is a major headache for Rishi Sunak, with the Association of School and College Leaders (ASCL) union saying saying the crisis “reinforces” for parents that the government does not care about education.
The prime minister has rejected claims he cut funding for school rebuilding during his time as chancellor – and said only 1% of schools are impacted.
However, Gareth Davies, the head of the National Audit Office (NAO), suggested in an article for the Times that the government neglected "unflashy" jobs such as school rebuilding to spend money on "higher-profile" projects.
Downing Street has also declined to say when the crisis schools will be resolved.
The PM’s official spokesman said: “Whilst there are still some outstanding surveys we cannot put a specific timeline on it.“In the instances where we have identified Raac (reinforced autoclaved aerated concrete) we expect mitigations to be put in place in a number of weeks.”
Which schools have closed buildings?
The government has separated the list into four different mitigations put in place to deal with the crisis: all pupils in face-to-face education; fully remote learning; mix of face-to-face and remote arrangements; and start of term delayed.
Here is the list:
All pupils in face-to-face education
Myatt Garden Primary School
Seven Mills Primary School
The Ellen Wilkinson School for Girls
St Ignatius College
Welbourne Primary School
St John Vianney RC Primary School
Brandhall Primary School
St Andrew's CofE Primary School, Over Hulton
All Saints C of E Primary School
Abbey Lane Primary School
Stanway Fiveways Primary School
Baynards Primary School
Great Leighs Primary School
Henham and Ugley Primary and Nursery School
Bentfield Primary School and Nursery
White Court School
Beehive Lane Community Primary School
Eversley Primary School
Holy Trinity CofE Primary School, Eight Ash Green and Aldham
St Lawrence Church of England Primary School, Rowhedge
Great Tey Church of England Voluntary Controlled Primary School
Broomfield Primary School
Mersea Island School
Markyate Village School and Nursery
Palmarsh Primary School
Birchington Church of England Primary School
St James' Church of England Voluntary Aided Primary School
St Bartholomew's Catholic Primary School, Swanley
Bispham Endowed Church of England Primary School
Mayflower Primary School
Parks Primary School
Donnington Wood Infant School and Nursery Centre
Thurston Community College
Shawfield Primary School
St Paul's Catholic Primary School, Thames Ditton
Park View School
Springfield Primary School
Sale Grammar School
King Ethelbert School
Holcombe Grammar School
The Palmer Catholic Academy
Tendring Technology College
Corpus Christi Catholic Primary School
Batley Girls High School
Anglo European School
St Thomas More Catholic School, Blaydon
St Helena School
East Tilbury Primary School
White Hall Academy and Nursery
Cleeve Park School
Joyce Frankland Academy, Newport
Danetree Primary School
Royal College Manchester (Seashell Trust)
The Ramsey Academy, Halstead
Holy Trinity Catholic Voluntary Academy
Thomas Bullock Church of England Primary and Nursery Academy
Katherine Semar Junior School
Katherine Semar Infant School
Mistley Norman Church of England Primary School
Hatfield Heath Primary School
St Thomas More Catholic Comprehensive School
Godinton Primary School
St Francis Catholic Primary School, South Ascot
The FitzWimarc School
Winter Gardens Academy
Prince Albert Junior and Infant School
Northampton International Academy
Bishop Douglass School Finchley
Lubbins Park Primary Academy
Canon Slade School
Harlowbury Primary School
Katherines Primary Academy and Nursery
Sir Thomas Boughey Academy
Harwich and Dovercourt High School
Jerounds Primary Academy
Lambourne Primary School
Hillhouse CofE Primary School
Barnes Farm Junior School
St Elizabeth's Catholic Voluntary Academy
Hockley Primary School
Chipping Ongar Primary School
Langney Primary Academy
St Mary and St John Junior and Infant School
St John Catholic Primary School
Sunny Bank Primary School
St Joseph's Catholic Primary School
Wells Park School
St Columba's Catholic Primary School, Wallsend
St John Vianney Catholic Primary School, West Denton
St Michael's Catholic School
Elmstead Primary School
Fully remote learning
St Gregory's Catholic Science College
St Leonard's Catholic School, Durham
St Anne's Catholic Primary School, Harlow Green
St Benet's Catholic Primary School, Ouston
Mix of face-to-face and remote arrangements
The Appleton School
The Coopers' Company and Coborn School
Wood Green Academy
The Honywood Community Science School
The Billericay School
Aston Manor Academy
The London Oratory School
Thurstable School Sports College and Sixth Form Centre
Waddesdon Church of England School
St Clere's School
The Gilberd School
The Thomas Lord Audley School
Clacton County High School
The Bromfords School
Wyburns Primary School
Roding Valley High School
St Bede's Catholic School and Byron Sixth Form College
St James' Catholic Primary School, Hebburn
St John Bosco Catholic Primary School, Town End Farm, Sunderland
Start of term delayed
Hornsey School for Girls
St William of York Catholic Primary School
Hatfield Peverel St Andrew's Junior School
Our Lady's Catholic High School
Outwoods Primary School
Hadleigh High School
East Bergholt High School
Ark Boulton Academy
Woodville Primary School
Water Lane Primary Academy
Cherry Tree Academy
Arthur Bugler Primary School
Claydon High School
St Teresa's Catholic Primary School
St Francis' Catholic Primary School
Buckhurst Hill Community Primary School
The Holy Family Catholic School, a Voluntary Academy
What is RAAC concrete and why is it dangerous?
RAAC is a lightweight building material used from the 1950s up to the mid-1990s, but now assessed to be at risk of collapse.
The DfE has been considering RAAC as a potential issue since late 2018.
The state of England’s schools buildings – as well as problems with RAAC – were highlighted in a report in June by the NAO, which said 700,000 pupils were learning in schools that required major rebuilding or refurbishment.
Paul Whiteman, general secretary of school leaders’ union NAHT, said: "What we are seeing here are the very real consequences of a decade of swingeing cuts to spending on school buildings."
Dr Patrick Roach, general secretary of teaching union NASUWT said the announcement highlighted "more than a decade of wilful under-investment" in schools.
Are other buildings affected by RAAC?
Schools minister Nick Gibb said the government is rebuilding seven hospitals due to issues related to "extensive RAAC".
Asked if other public buildings could be affected by the concrete, he said: "Right across the public sector, we are surveying the estate.
"You’ve heard of a court closing at Harrow. We are taking action, of course, in the hospital sector as well.
"Hospitals are very large buildings and they have teams of very expert maintenance people monitoring the building the whole time.
"They use propping where they identify RAAC and also we are rebuilding seven hospitals because of extensive RAAC in those hospitals."