French authorities on Sunday announced two new arrests over the attack in a church in the southern city of Nice blamed on an Islamist knifeman, as Catholics overcame fear to attend church services under the tightest security.
Three people were killed in the knife rampage Thursday in the Notre-Dame Basilica that prosecutors say was carried out by a young Tunisian recently arrived in Europe.
It was the latest attack in France to be described by the government as an act of "Islamist" terror, in the wake of the republication of cartoons of the prophet Mohammed in September by the Charlie Hebdo weekly.
French President Emmanuel Macron, who has vowed to stamp out radical Islamism in the country, sought to quell anger against France by saying in an interview with an Arab TV channel he could understand Muslims could be shocked by the cartoons.
In Nice, authorities are now holding a total of six people for questioning to see if they were linked to suspected attacker Brahim Issaoui, 21, and help understand what motivated him.
The tensions did not prevent Catholics going to church to celebrate the All Saints holiday in Nice, with the authorities also allowing an exemption during the coronavirus lockdown.
"I was apprehensive, I was scared of coming," said Claudia, 49, as she went to church, reassured by the presence of heavily armed soldiers.
"We need to show that we are not scared and we are here," she said, following several other worshippers into the church.
In a bid to create mutual understanding, a group of Muslim imams and their families attended mass Sunday at the Saint-Esprit de Bagatelle church in the city of Toulouse.
"These people, without mind or reason, want to make another (Koran) interpretation," Lahouary Siali from the Al-Rahma mosque said, referring to violent extremists. "We strongly reject it."
He then read a prayer in Arabic in front of the congregation.
- 'Came to kill' -
The latest people to be detained, aged 25 and 63, were arrested Saturday at the residence of an individual detained earlier in the day, a judicial source told AFP, asking not to be named.
Three others detained earlier over suspected links to Issaoui remain in custody, with the probe focusing on two telephones seized from the attacker.
Issaoui was shot by police multiple times and is currently in a serious condition in hospital. Investigators have been unable to question him and sources close to the probe have said his precise motivations remain unclear.
But Interior Minister Gerald Darmanin said that Issaoui "had clearly gone there (to Nice) to kill".
"Otherwise how can we explain why he armed himself with several knifes having only just arrived?... He clearly did not come just to get his papers," Darmanin told the Voix du Nord newspaper.
Investigators believe Issaoui travelled illegally to Europe via Italy's Mediterranean island of Lampedusa on September 20.
He arrived at the mainland Italian port of Bari on October 9 before coming to Nice just two days before the attack.
- Understand 'shock' -
France is on edge after the republication in early September of cartoons of the prophet Mohammed by the Charlie Hebdo weekly, which was followed by an attack outside its former offices, the beheading of a teacher and now the attack in Nice.
On Saturday, an attacker armed with a sawn-off shotgun seriously wounded a Greek Orthodox priest in a shooting outside a church in the French city of Lyon.
Nikolaos Kakavelaki, 52, was closing his Lyon church mid-afternoon when he was attacked and is now in a serious condition in hospital.
The attacker fled the scene and one person was detained. But the man was released on Sunday after investigators found no evidence he was linked, prosecutors said.
Prosecutors have said they are keeping all hypotheses open but so far have not referred the case to specialist anti-terror prosecutors.
Macron had vowed after the beheading of teacher Samuel Paty -- who had showed his class a cartoon of the prophet -- that France would never renounce the right to caricature.
This comment prompted a storm of anger in the Muslim world and on Saturday the president gave an interview to Al-Jazeera television saying he understood that people could be "shocked" by the cartoons.
In Pakistan's commercial hub of Karachi, activists from a student Shiite Muslim organisation held a protest outside the French consulate, burning images of Macron and treading on the French flag, an AFP photographer said.
Charlie Hebdo had republished the cartoons to mark the start of the trial of suspected accomplices in the 2015 massacre of its staff by Islamist gunmen. The trial has been suspended until Wednesday after the primary suspect tested positive for coronavirus.