A roundup of the main measures being taken in Europe to fight the spread of the novel coronavirus.
- Confinement -
Citizens have been obliged to stay at home in Belgium, France and Spain, except for medical attention, exercise or essential shopping.
Greece will impose movement restrictions nationwide as of Monday and imposes a 14-day confinement on people arriving from abroad.
Italy toughens its measures, closing all green spaces and halting all non-essential production to guarantee the supply of essential goods.
Spain's government asks parliament to extend a state of emergency for another 15 days until April 11.
France adds to its confinement measures, including curfews in several cities such as Nice and Montpellier.
Austria extends the strict measures already in place until April 13.
Germany and Russia call on citizens to respect social distancing and limit contact with others. Bavaria becomes the first German regional state to order containment.
Britain announces stronger measures, including the closing of bars, pubs and restaurants and urges 1.5 million people most at risk to stay at home.
Ministers outline emergency legislation, expected to come into force this week, to give police, public health and immigration officers extra powers to contain the outbreak.
Portugal declares a state of emergency and asks citizens to stay home. It closes all non-essential businesses.
Turkey imposes confinement on people over 65 or suffering from chronic diseases and orders its coastguard to stop migrants from making risky Aegean sea crossings.
In Slovakia, Croatia, Latvia, Estonia, Moscow and Norway, people returning from the main sources of contamination must isolate themselves.
Romania bars access to the country to most foreigners.
- Controlling, sealing borders -
The European Union imposed on March 17 an entry ban on travellers from outside the bloc for an initial period of 30 days.
It will not affect Europeans returning home, social workers, cross-border workers, or citizens of former EU member Britain.
Hungary and Spain have closed their land borders.
Turkey has closed its borders with Greece and Bulgaria.
Germany has stepped up border controls with several countries, including France, which has reciprocated, only allowing through goods transport and border workers.
Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Lithuania and Slovakia have closed their borders to foreigners, with Slovakia excepting Poles.
Russia has closed its land borders with Norway and Poland.
Austria has closed its border with Italy and Switzerland.
- Closing schools -
Schools, universities and creches have been closed in Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey and Ukraine. In Sweden only high schools and universities are closed.
Britain on Friday also closed its schools.
- Banning gatherings -
In Belgium, Cyprus, France and Italy all gatherings are banned.
Different countries have set widely different caps on the number of people who can get together.
In Germany, Chancellor Angela Merkel says on Sunday that public gatherings of more than two people will be banned for an initial period of two weeks.
In Turkey, collective prayers are suspended and places of worship closed.
- Closing businesses -
Austria, Bulgaria, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Slovenia and Ukraine have closed all places admitting the public.
Non-essential shops are closed in Andorra, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Spain, which has also closed hotels and tourist accommodation.
Restaurants, bars, nightclubs and cinemas are closed all over Europe even pubs in Ireland and brothels in the Netherlands.
Hungary has closed public places but not shops, while Greece has closed its museums and archaeological sites and most of its hotels.
- Disrupting transport -
British airlines have grounded most of their fleet.
France has massively reduced long-distance transport and cut by half rail travel.
Public transport has been reduced in London, Luxembourg and Paris.
Poland has cancelled all international flights and rail travel.
Austria's air travel is close to zero and it has reduced its rail travel drastically.
Turkey has suspended air links with 68 countries.