Chile's trashpickers say recycling latest casualty of coronavirus
By Natalia A. Ramos Miranda
SANTIAGO (Reuters) - Trashpickers in Chile are warning that recycling, never popular in the far-flung South American nation, is poised to become the latest casualty of the coronavirus pandemic.
Nearly 5,000 of Chile's trashpickers, organized under a collective called the "Recycling Movement," say they fear city dwellers quarantined inside their homes are increasingly opting for the trash can instead of the recycling bin.
Few places in Chile pick up recyclables at curb-side. Instead, most citizens must walk or drive to designated drop-off points throughout cities. Many of the sites have been shuttered amid lockdown measures to combat the spread of coronavirus.
"The drop in recycling has been shocking," group leader Soledad Mella told Reuters at a recycling center in the municipality of Maipú, a poor western neighborhood of Santiago.
Chile is among Latin America´s biggest trash producers, according to 2018 World Bank statistics, but it recycles or composts less than 1% of that waste. The United States, by contrast, recycles 35% of its rubbish, according to U.S. Environmental Protection Agency figures.
Chilean trashpickers, who help sort plastic, metal, glass, paper and cardboard at the local recycling centers, say their livelihoods are also at risk as the relatively few people that once recycled abandon the practice.
"The situation is only going to get worse," said Mella, explaining that the fast-approaching southern hemisphere winter normally sees a sharp drop in recycling even in the best of years.
Many of Chile´s trash pickers also roam the streets with ramshackle shopping carts, even in the most upscale of neighborhoods, rummaging through garbage cans, a risky practice made worse by coronavirus.
Chile´s environment ministry nonetheless recently declared the collection and processing of recyclables as an "essential" activity that could continue during lockdown periods.
"We live from this. If they shut us down, I´ll have no work, with my two children at home," said Jessica Cataldo, 54, who for a decade has been dedicated to sorting trash.
In normal times, Cataldo says she earns about $300 per month, well below the minimum wage.
"I hope I am wrong, but I don't think there is going to be much recycling," she told Reuters at a recycling center in Maipu, adjusting her mask with gloveless fingers. "I think people are going to throw everything away."
(Reporting by Natalia Ramos, writing by Dave Sherwood; editing by Diane Craft)