Children covered in black dust extract coal in India's Jharia as country faces power crunch

The footage, which was filmed on October 2, shows children whose faces are covered in black dust, working in the neighborhood of Jharia, in Dganvad city, India. Every day children wake up very early in the morning to go to the coalfield. The illegal mining of coal is their only way to make a living. This clip was filmed as the world is hit by a massive energy crunch. India is facing a significant coal shortage. According to the Central Electricity Authority (CEA), as of September 29, 16 of India's 135 coal-fired power plants had zero coal stocks. The cause of the shortage is the surge in India's industrial power demand as well as a price gap between global and domestic prices. Jharia's coalfield covers about 110 square miles and is one of the country's largest coal reserves. It is also home to the longest-burning fires in the world. The area has been mined since the late 1800s. Many deaths have been reported due to the fires in Jharia. Smoke and fumes are poisonous and have caused the deaths of many workers and villagers. The burning of coal represents a massive environmental issue. India is the world's third-largest emitter of fossil fuels. Coal constitutes 70% of India's energy production. Despite the country owning rich coal reserves, it is primarily a coal importer but also exports to neighboring countries such as Nepal and Bangladesh.

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