Use-of-force expert testifies that Chauvin justified in deadly arrest of Floyd

Jonathan Allen and Brendan O'Brien
·4-min read
Murder trial of former Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin

By Jonathan Allen and Brendan O'Brien

MINNEAPOLIS (Reuters) -Defense attorneys in the murder trial of Derek Chauvin on Tuesday called an expert witness who testified that the former Minneapolis police officer was justified and reasonable in his use of force during his arrest of George Floyd.

After 11 days of testimony by prosecution witnesses, Eric Nelson, lead attorney for Chauvin, called Barry Brodd, a private consultant in the use of force by law enforcement who said Chauvin was following his training during the encounter.

His testimony contradicted several prosecution witnesses, including the city police chief, who earlier in the trial said Chauvin had no justification for kneeling on the 46-year-old Black man's neck for more than nine minutes.

"Officer Chauvin's interactions with Mr. Floyd were following his training, following current practices and were objectively reasonable," Brodd testified.

Chauvin's defense team also sought to highlight Floyd's apparent history of drug abuse, laying groundwork to support its argument that he died of an overdose, rather than from lack of oxygen caused by Chauvin's actions as the prosecution contends.

Chauvin, who is white, has pleaded not guilty to murder and manslaughter charges stemming from the May 2020 incident, captured on bystander videos. The case prompted protests against racism and police brutality in cities in the United States and around the world last summer.

This week, local tensions surrounding the trial intensified when a young Black man was fatally shot by a police officer during a traffic stop in nearby Brooklyn Center, Minnesota.

Many of the most dramatic moments on Tuesday came during the cross examination of Brodd. Prosecutor Steve Schleicher, challenging the claim that Chauvin was justified in his use of force, got Brodd to agree that Chauvin continued restraining Floyd even after the man had stopped resisting.

"By the time the defendant got off of Mr. Floyd, Mr. Floyd could not support his own head," Schleicher said. Brodd agreed.

Brodd testified that a compliant person "would have both their hands in the small their back and just be resting comfortably."

Schleicher tersely responded, asking Brodd whether Floyd was compliant and resting comfortably "when he's attempting to breathe."

"No," Brodd responded.

ENCOUNTER A YEAR EARLIER

The first witness called by Chauvin's defense was Scott Creighton, a now-retired Minneapolis police officer who pulled over a car in which Floyd was a passenger in 2019, a year before his deadly encounter with Chauvin.

Nelson showed the jury a video taken by a body-worn camera during the traffic stop as Floyd became distressed when Creighton pointed a gun at him and ordered him out of a car.

"The passenger was unresponsive and noncompliant to my commands," Creighton told the jury, describing Floyd as nervous and anxious. "I then had to reach in to him because I wanted to see his hands." He repeatedly ordered Floyd to keep his hands on the dashboard.

During cross-examination, prosecutors asked Creighton whether Floyd died during the encounter.

"No, he did not," the retired officer said, stating the obvious.

Another witness was Michelle Moseng, a retired paramedic for Hennepin County Medical Center Emergency Medical Services, who told the jury that she checked Floyd's vital signs at a police station after the 2019 arrest.

"It was quite hard to assess him," she testified. "He was upset and confused."

Moseng said that Floyd told her he consumed opioids because he "was addicted."

In the current case, Shawanda Hill was in Floyd's SUV with him outside a food store where he allegedly had paid for cigarettes with a bogus $20 bill. She testified that Floyd soon fell asleep and she tried to wake him a couple of times with little success, bolstering the defense claim that Floyd was high on drugs during the deadly interaction with police.

Nelson also called Minneapolis Park Police officer Peter Chang to testify that when he arrived at the scene he grew concerned for the safety of the police officers who were there.

"There was a crowd," he told the jury. "They were very aggressive toward the officers."

Chauvin's defense has argued that bystanders who watched the incident unfold threatened the officers and that Chauvin may have been distracted by them.

Before testimony from defense witnesses began on Tuesday, prosecutors rested their case after finishing some procedural matters involving video footage from one of the officers' body cameras.

(Reporting by Brendan O'Brien in Chicago; editing by Jonathan Oatis and Cynthia Osterman)