Five years after the fatal attack on the offices of French satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo, fourteen alleged accomplices to the Islamist gunmen went on trial in Paris on Wednesday (September 2)
In January 2015, Said and Cherif Kouachi went on the rampage and killed 12 people in an attacked claimed by al Qaeda.
The following day an acquaintance of Cherif shot dead a female police officer and killed four Jewish men at a kosher supermarket.
In a video, Amedy Coulibaly said he was acting in the name of Islamic State.
The three were killed by police in different stand-offs.
Eleven of the 14 defendants appeared in the specially modified courtroom, each watched over by two police officers wearing balaclavas and bullet-proof vests.
They told the presiding judge they would answer the court's questions.
Gala Renaud’s husband Michel was one of the Charlie Hebdo employees killed by the gunmen, she attended the court for the start of the trial.
“It’s only the start, but you can already feel the tension. I wanted to see the defendants in the box to see what they look like."
The remaining three defendants are being tried in absentia. It’s believed they traveled to areas of Syria under Islamic State's control days before the attacks, and may be dead.
Isabelle Coutant-Peyre is a lawyer for one of the defendants.
"What I say is that it's sad for the victims, that all this wouldn't have happened if the secret services hadn't stopped surveillance on the Kouachi brothers and Amedy Coulibaly, that's one thing, and second thing, the real accomplices - those who provided weapons - are not being prosecuted in this trial. There you go, that's all I have to say."
The defendants face charges ranging from the supply of weapons, to financing terrorism and membership of a terrorist organization.