By Marcela Ayres and Lisandra Paraguassu
BRASILIA (Reuters) -There is growing investor pessimism that Brazilian President-elect Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva will govern with fiscal discipline as the country's central bank chief likened a market selloff to a "Liz Truss moment for Brazil."
Brazil's real currency and Bovespa stock index both lost around 4% on Thursday, as Lula's brief honeymoon with investors soured over his public commitment to prioritize social spending over fiscal rectitude and delays in naming his economic team.
The real clawed back losses on Friday, with the dollar closing the session down 1.24 after a volatile day of trading. Stocks were up over 2%.
Despite those gains, jitters remained, with investors calling for Lula to restore firm rules for public spending after major outlays by outgoing President Jair Bolsonaro during the pandemic and election campaign.
Central bank chief Roberto Campos Neto, speaking at an event in Sao Paulo, said Thursday's rout was the latest example of markets demanding fiscal discipline amid a challenging global backdrop of high inflation, low growth and little risk appetite.
"I don't know if that was a Liz Truss moment for Brazil, but it was a clear demonstration of the markets' sensitivity to the fiscal issue," Campos Neto said, referring to the former British prime minister who resigned after the markets punished her push for unfunded tax cuts.
Citigroup Inc. said in a report that investors may have been mistaken in thinking that Lula would pursue an orthodox fiscal agenda, adding that the bank had decided to cut its risk exposure to Brazil in the face of this reassessment.
"The market seemed to have convinced itself that Lula would be fiscally orthodox. The most recent news now casts doubt on this hypothesis," Dirk Willer, Citi Research's head of emerging markets strategy, wrote on Thursday night.
Milton Maluhy Filho, the chief executive of Brazil's largest lender Itau Unibanco, said on Friday that a balance needed to be struck between social spending and putting public finances in order.
"We think that fiscal responsibility and social responsibility should go hand in hand," he said on a conference call.
Investors and even Lula allies have also expressed concern about delays in naming his finance minister. Lula has said he will only name his cabinet once he returns from the COP27 climate summit in Egypt.
Senator Simone Tebet, of the centrist Brazilian Democratic Movement party (MDB), said the finance minister should be his first cabinet pick to make clear what his economic policies are going to be.
"A finance minister is needed to explain the president's political thought," she told reporters.
On Thursday, Lula sought to downplay investors' concerns. "The market is nervous for nothing. I have never seen a market as sensitive as ours," said the president-elect, who takes office on Jan. 1.
($1 = 5.3449 reais)
(Reporting by Lisandra Paraguassu and Marcela Ayres in Brasilia, Luana Maria Benedito in Sao Paulo, Writing by Gabriel Stargardter, Editing by Angus MacSwan, Andrea Ricci and Cynthia Osterman)