U.S. stocks, dollar sluggish, all eyes on Fed meet this week

·3-min read
People wearing face masks walk by the NYSE during the COVID-19 outbreak in New York City, New York

By Koh Gui Qing

NEW YORK (Reuters) - U.S. stocks touched record highs in choppy trade on Monday and the dollar weakened, as investors avoided making new, bold bets before this week's Federal Reserve policy meeting, which might offer clues on the outlook for monetary policy.

The performance in U.S. shares contrasted with sharp losses in Asia overnight, when MSCI's broadest index ofAsia-Pacific shares outside Japan fell 2.1%to its lowest since December, hurt by concerns over tighterregulations in China.

In the United States, investors will closely parse comments by Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell on Wednesday after a two-day policy meeting for clues on how the central bank will start tapering its asset purchases, its assessment of inflation risks, and the future of interest rates.

"Powell will likely highlight that the recovery is on trackbut COVID remains a key downside risk," analysts at Bank ofAmerica said in a research note, adding that details about the Fed's tapering of asset purchases would probably be revealed in future meetings.

After vacillating between modest gains and losses for most of the day, U.S. stock indexes managed to nudge higher to eke out record closes.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average added 83 points, or 0.24%, to finish at an all-time high of 35,144.31, while the S&P 500 rose 10.5 points, or 0.24%, to end at 4,422.3, also a record close. The Nasdaq Composite was little changed, adding just 3.7 points, or 0.03%, to close at 14,840.71.

In a sign that risk appetite remained firm on Wall Street, bitcoin, the world's biggest cryptocurrency and sometimes an indicator of the demand for risk, soared 8.6% to $38,557.16, while ether jumped 5.1% to $2,304.66.

Speculation that online retailing giant Amazon.com Inc might accept bitcoin as payment sparked the latest rally, and short sellers covering their positions added to the surge.

On the other hand, the U.S. dollar, which usually benefitswhen investors are seeking safety, softened as investors turnedtheir attention to the Fed meeting.

The dollar index fell 0.301% to 92.612, but not far from a 3-1/2-month high of 93.194 struck last week. A softer dollar bolstered the euro, which gained 0.31% to $1.1855. [USD/]

The dollar has gained nearly 4% from a low on May 25 as animproving U.S. economy bolstered the outlook for the Fed tostart paring asset purchases as early as this year.

Indeed, investors have been pulling money out of Asian andemerging market stocks and putting them into U.S. shares instead, attracted by forecast-beating earnings and a recovery in the U.S. economy.

Bond markets have remained remarkably untroubled by theprospect of eventual tapering. Yields on U.S. 10-year notes have fallen for four weeks in a row - they slipped to a low of 1.221% on Monday before rebounding to 1.2946%.

But the drop in Treasury yields has done little to underminethe dollar, in part because European yields have fallen evenfurther amid expectations of continued massive bond buying bythe European Central Bank.

Gold prices also weakened as investors turned cautious ahead of the Fed policy meeting. Spot gold dropped 0.2% to $1,797.64 an ounce. U.S. gold futures fell 0.23% to $1,797.20 an ounce. [GOL/]

Oil prices reversed earlier losses, buoyed by views that a tight supply for the rest of the year will support prices.

U.S. crude recently fell 0.01% to $72.06 per barrel while Brent was at $74.50, up 0.54% on the day. [O/R]

(Reporting by Koh Gui Qing; additional reporting by Wayne Cole in Sydney and Dhara Ranasinghe in London; editing by Nick Macfie, Alex Richardson and Dan Grebler)

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